METROPOLITAN BANK V. CA
194 SCRA 169
FACTS:Gomez opened an account with Golden Savings bank and deposited 38 treasury warrants. All these warrants were indorsed by the cashier of Golden Savings, and deposited it to the savings account in a Metrobank branch. They were sent later on for clearing by the branch office to the principal office of Metrobank, which forwarded them to the Bureau of Treasury for special clearing. On persistent inquiries on whether the warrants have been cleared, the branch manager allowed withdrawal of the warrants, only to find out later on that the treasury warrants have been
HELD:The treasury warrants were not negotiable instruments. Clearly, it is indicated that it was non-negotiable and of equal significance is the indication that they are payable from a particular fund, Fund 501. This indication as the source of payment to be made on the treasury warrant
makes the promise to pay conditional and the warrants themselves non-negotiable.
Metrobank then cannot contend that by indorsing the warrants in general, GS assumed that they were genuine and in all respects what they purport it to be, in accordance to Section 66 of the NIL. The simple reason is that the law isn’t applicable to the non-negotiable treasury warrants. The
indorsement was made for the purpose of merely depositing them with Metrobank for clearing. It was in fact Metrobank which stamped on the back of the warrants: “All prior indorsements and/or lack of endorsements guaranteed…”