During a typhoon, vessel SS Anna collided with M/V Joanna. The collision would be avoided if the captain of SS Anna was not drunk and the captain of SS Joanna was not asleep. Who should bear the damages to the vessels and their cargoes?


The ship owners of SS Anna and M/V Joanna shall each bear their respective loss of vessels. For the losses and damages suffered by their cargoes, both ship owners are solidarily liable. (1998 Bar Question)