CONSOLIDATED PLYWOOD V. IFC
149 SCRA 448
Petitioner bought from Atlantic Gulf and Pacific Company, through its sister company Industrial Products Marketing, two used tractors. Petitioner was issued a sales invoice for the two used tractors. At the same time, the deed of sale with chattel mortgage with promissory note was issued.
Simultaneously, the seller assigned the deed of sale with chattel mortgage and promissory note to respondent. The used tractors were then delivered but barely 14 days after, the tractors broke down. The seller sent mechanics but the tractors were not repaired accordingly as they were no
longer serviceable. Petitioner would delay the payments on the promissory notes until the seller completes its obligation under the warranty.
Thereafter, a collection suit was filed against petitioner for the payment of the promissory note.
It is patent that the seller is liable for the breach in warranty against the petitioner. This liability as a general rule extends to the corporation to whom it assigned its rights and interests unless the assignee is a holder in due course of the promissory note in question, assuming the note is negotiable, in which case, the latter’s rights are based on a negotiable instrument and assuming further that the petitioner’s defense may not prevail against it.
The promissory note in question is not a negotiable instrument. The promissory note in question lacks the so-called words of negotiability. And as such, it follows that the respondent can never be a holder in due course but remains merely an assignee of the note in question. Thus, the petitioner may raise against the respondents all defenses available to it against the seller.