SPOUSES LUIS CRUZ V. SPOUSES ALEJANDRO FERNANDO SR.
DECEMBER 9, 2005
FACTS:Spouses Cruz were the occupants of a front portion of a property. An accion publiciana was filed against them by spouses Fernando, alleging that they are the rightful owners thereof and asking that the Cruz spouses vacate the land and pay reasonable rent for the use thereof. The RTC ruled in favor of the spouses Fernando.
HELD:The absence of any formal deed of conveyance is a strong indication that the parties didn’t intend immediate transfer of ownership.
Petitioners don’t have a superior right of ownership or possession to speak of. Their occupation of the property was merely through the tolerance of the owners. Evidence on record shows that petitioners and their predecessors were able to live and build their house on the property through the permission and kindness of the previous owner. They have no title or at the very least, a contract of lease over the property. Based as it is was on mere tolerance, petitioner’s possession could neither ripen into ownership nor operate to bar any action by respondents to recover absolute possession thereof. A person who occupies the land of another at the latter’s forebearance or permission without any contract between them is necessarily bound by an implied promise that he will vacate upon demand.