182 SCRA 492



Three  consolidated  cases  are  resolved,  given  that  there  are  same  parties and parcels of land in question.   
On the first case, it was tackled that the heirs of the late Juan Reyes filed an   application   for   registration   of   the   subject   parcel   of   land.      A reconveyance  case  was  filed  against  them  by  petitioners  on  the  ground that they are true owners of thereof.   
The second case involved the death of the administratix of the estate of the owner of the subject land.  After her death, a TCT was issued in the name of Pedro Luspo, and another was issued in the name of several persons.  A writ of possession was issued by the trial court against the petitioners.   


Petitioners  contend  that  they  were  not  claimants-oppositors  nor  defeated oppositors in the said land registration case, as their names don’t appear in the amended application for registration.  They have occupied the subject parcels  of  land  for  more  than  30  years  which  began  long  before  the application for registration; and that even after registration, they continued to possess the land.   
In  a  registration  case,  the  judgment  confirming  the  title  of  the  applicant and ordering its registration in his name necessarily carried with it the right of  ownership.    The  issuance  of  the  writ  of  possession  is  therefore
sanctioned  by  existing  laws  in  this  jurisdiction  and  by  the  generally accepted principle upon which the administration of justice rests.  A writ of possession  may  be  issued  not  only  against  the  person  who  has  been defeated  in  a  registration  case  but  also  against  anyone  unlawfully  and adversely  occupying  the  land  or  any  portion  thereof  during  the  land registration proceedings up to the issuance of the final decree.