WHEN CAN A CASE BE REOPENED?
At any time before the finality of judgment of conviction, the judge may reopen the case either on his own volition or upon motion, with hearing on either case, in order to avoid a
miscarriage of justice
The proceedings should be terminated within 30 days from the order granting the reopening of the case
WHEN CAN THERE BE A DENIAL OF THE REOPENING OF THE CASE, GIVEN THAT ALL CONDITIONS REQUIRED?
It would be prejudicial to the rights of an accused
Examples of this when the accused cannot present enough evidence, present his witnesses, etc.