Rights Of Accused During Trial


The following are the rights accorded the accused:

1.    To be presumed innocent until the contrary is proved beyond reasonable doubt.

2.    To  be  informed  of  the  nature  and  cause  of  the  accusation against him.

3.    To be present and defend in person and by counsel at every stage  of  the  proceedings,  from  arraignment  to  promulgation of the judgment. 

4.    To testify as a witness in his own behalf but subject to cross-examination  on  matters  covered  by  direct  examination.  His silence shall not in any manner prejudice him.

5.    To be exempt from being compelled to be a witness against himself.

6.    To confront and cross-examine the witnesses against him  at the  trial.  Either  party  may  utilize  as  part  of  its  evidence  the testimony  of  a  witness  who  is deceased,  out  of  or  can  not with due diligence be found in the Philippines, unavailable, or otherwise   unable   to   testify,   given   in   another   case   or proceeding,  judicial  or  administrative,  involving  the  same parties  and  subject  matter,  the  adverse  party  having  the opportunity to cross-examine him.

7.    To have compulsory process issued to secure the attendance of witnesses and production of other evidence in his behalf.

8.    To have speedy, impartial and public trial.

9.    To appeal in all cases allowed and in the manner prescribed by law.