ONLY AGRICULTURAL LANDS ARE SUBJECT TO THE AGRARIAN REFORM COVERAGE
> Refers to land devoted to agricultural activity as defined in this Act and not classified as mineral, forest, residential, commercial or industrial land.
> Means the cultivation of the soil, planting of crops, growing of fruit trees, including the harvesting of such farm products, and other farm activities and practices performed by a farmer in conjunction with such farming operations done by persons whether natural of juridical.
WHAT ARE EXCLUDED?
1. Lands converted to non-agricultural use before the effectivity of CARL are outside the coverage
2. Farms used for livestock, poultry and swine not covered
3. Agricultural lands reclassified by LGUs into residential, commercial, or industrial uses excluded
4. Lands used for academic or educational purposes exempted
5. Homesteads are excluded
JURISDICTION OF DAR
> Matters involving the administrative implementation of the transfer of the land, such as the giving out of notices of coverage to the tenant-farmer under PD27 and amendatory and related decrees, rules and regulations, shall be exclusively cognizable by the Secretary of Agrarian Reform, including the issuance, recall, or cancellation of emancipation patents or certificates of land ownership award, save when such certificates of land transfer have been registered with the RD, in which instance the recalling authority would be the DARAB
DEEMED TO BE THE OWNER—AS DEFINED IN PD 27
> Grantee of a certificate of land transfer must be construed within the policy framework of PD 27 and interpreted with other stipulations of the certificate issued pursuant to the Decree
> PD27 was anchored upon the fundamental objective of addressing valid and legitimate grievances of land ownership giving rise to violent conflict and social tension in the countryside