REGISTRATION OF JUDGMENTS; ORDERS; PARTITIONS
Section 78. Judgment for Plaintiff. Whenever in any action to recover possession or ownership of real estate or any interest therein affecting registered land judgment is entered for the plaintiff, such judgment shall be entitled to registration on presentation of a certificate of the entry thereof from the clerk of court where the action is pending to the Register of Deeds for the province or city where the land lies, who shall enter a memorandum upon the certificate of title of the land to which such judgment relates. If the judgment does not apply to all the land described in the certificate of title, the certificate of the clerk of the court where the action is pending and the memorandum entered by the Register of Deeds shall contain a description of the land affected by the judgment.
Section 79. Judgment adjudicating ownership. When in any action to recover the ownership of real estate or an interest therein execution has been issued in favor of the plaintiff, the latter shall be entitled to the entry of a new certificate of title and to the cancellation of the original certificate and owner's duplicate of the former registered owner. If the registered owner neglects or refuses within a reasonable time after request of the plaintiff to produce his duplicate certificate in order that the same may be canceled, the court shall, on application and after notice, enter an order to the owner to produce his certificate at the time and place designated, and may enforce the order by suitable process.
Section 80. Execution of deed by virtue of judgment. Every court rendering judgment in favor of the plaintiff affecting registered land shall, upon petition of said plaintiff, order and parties before it to execute for registration any deed or instrument necessary to give effect to the judgment, and shall require the registered owner to deliver his duplicate certificate to the plaintiff or to the Register of Deeds to be canceled or to have a memorandum annotated upon it. In case the person required to execute any deed or other instrument necessary to give effect to the judgment is absent from the Philippines, or is a minor, or insane, or for any reason not amenable to the process of the court rendering the judgment, said court may appoint a suitable person as trustee to execute such instrument which, when executed, shall be entitled to registration.
REGISTRATION OF JUDGMENT- Recovery of Possession or Ownership
> A judgment for the plaintiff in an action for the recovery of possession or ownership affecting registered land shall be entitled to registration upon presentation of a certificate of entry from the clerk of court to the RD who shall enter a memorandum upon the certificate of title covering the land subject of the action
> If only a portion of the land described in the certificate is affected by the judgment, the certificate of the clerk of court shall contain a description of the portion involved
> Registration is important to apprise third persons of the status of the land affected by the judgment
REGISTRATION OF JUDGMENT ADJUDICATING OWNERSHIP
> When in an action for recovery of possession judgment has been rendered in favor of the plaintiff, the judgment shall likewise be registered and the adjudicatee shall be entitled to the issuance of a new certificate of title upon cancellation of the title of the preceding owner
EXECUTION OF DEED PURSUANT TO A JUDGMENT
> The court, in all cases where it renders judgment affecting registered property or any interest therein, shall direct parties to execute the requisite deed or instrument as may be necessary to give effect to the judgment of registration, and when required by the terms of the judgment, direct the registered owner to surrender his owner’s duplicate certificate for cancellation or entry of the appropriate memorandum thereon.